Moving time  one day 47 minutes

Time  7 days 17 hours 26 minutes

Coordinates 5608

Uploaded May 7, 2018

Recorded May 2018

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5,638 f
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866.52 mi

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near Vrajdebna, София-град (България)

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Tour through the heart of the Balkan Peninsula, it is one of the three great peninsulas of southern Europe, a continent to which it is linked by the Balkan mountains to the east and the Dinaric Alps to the west.

The peninsula, administratively, belongs to the States of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Greece, Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Kosovo and the Turkish region of Istanbul.

The tour is centered in the Republic of Macedonia, but it also makes an incursion into Greek Macedonia following in the footsteps of Alexander the Great, visiting Edessa or also known as the city of water, Pella or the capital of the empire and Thessalonica current capital of the Greek Macedonian It ends in Bulgaria visiting the Rila Monastery, and the country's capital, Sofia in southern Bulgaria.

THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

The Republic of Macedonia or Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is an independent, landlocked country located on the Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe. It limits to the north with Serbia and Kosovo, to the east with Bulgaria, to the south with Greece and to the west with Albania.
It constitutes a true crossroads between East and West, a place of forced passage between Asia and Europe, and this is its great attraction. To visit Macedonia is to continually pass from Europe to Asia, as if you were always crossing a Bosphorus.
There are three theories about the origin of the term; According to Greek mythology, Macedón was the name of the head of the tribe that would settle in the region and that would found the Kingdom of Macedonia. The name could also derive from the adjective makednós, meaning "high", it is commonly believed that both the Macedonians and their makednoí ancestors were considered people of great stature. A third hypothesis suggests that the name makedónes would mean "inhabitants of the highlands", according to a term of the old Macedonian language,
In 1991, the former Socialist Republic of Macedonia, which was part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, proclaimed its independence under the official name of the Republic of Macedonia. The use of the term "Macedonia" was rejected by Greece and a dispute arose over the denomination of this country. The United Nations (UN) recognized the state in 1993 with the provisional reference of Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM); in English Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).
Its capital is Skopje. The city is in the north of the country, in the heart of the Balkans, halfway between Belgrade and Athens, on the upper course of the Vardar River, the main river of Macedonia, which empties into the Aegean Sea
It is a country in the center of the Balkans, with strong linguistic and cultural affinities with Bulgaria, it has as much natural and cultural interest as Bulgaria itself or northern Greece. Very mountainous, with spectacular rivers and national parks is also full of culture due to its constant invasions and occupations by Persians, Romans and Ottoman Turks.

GREEK MACEDONIA

Macedonia is a region of northern Greece. Its capital is Thessaloniki or Thessaloniki, which is the second largest city in Greece, its name comes from the sister of Alexander the Great. The White Tower on the seafront is the symbol of the city and the Arch of Triumph of Galerius is the best preserved Roman building.
Pella, was the capital of the Macedonian Empire during its greatest splendor and the first capital of Greece. It was also an important cultural center, in which the most outstanding artists of the time met. In Pella the art of mosaic was developed, which were made with polychrome pebbles and generally represented mythological scenes.
In Edessa, in the north of Greece we find one of the great attractions of the city, the Cascade of Édessa, called "Káranos", the largest in Greece,

BULGARIA

Bulgaria is located in Southeast Europe, its geographical situation places it at a crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa. Bulgaria is the heir of ancient civilizations that have left in these lands artistic and architectural testimonies of great value as proof of their advanced culture. The rich cultural and natural heritage of Bulgaria is very much appreciated by UNESCO, this list includes nine sites in Bulgaria, seven cultural and two natural.
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AEROPUERTO DE SOFIA (BULGARIA)

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SOFIA (BULGARIA)

Sofia is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Bulgaria. It is located in the heart of the Balkans. It is one of the oldest capitals in Europe, the history of Sofia dates back to the eighth century BC. C., when the Thracians established a settlement in the area. Sofia has had several names in different periods of its existence, but finally adopted the name of Sofia, thanks to the Church of Hagia Sofia, one of the oldest in the city, in national tribute to the Holy Martyrs of Sofia. The architecture of the different towns that dominated Sofia is an example of the millenary history of the city, with buildings of Ottoman style, Russian orthodox, or of its socialist period. The city is an important religious center, since Sofia is the seat of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and has the Alexander Nevski Cathedral, one of the largest cathedrals in the Orthodox world. The ethnic composition in the zone of Sofia is quite homogeneous, being Bulgarian and therefore Slavic practically all of the inhabitants. The most notable minorities are the Turkish and the Roma or Roma (gypsy). The predominant religion is Orthodox Christianity, practicing Islam the Turkish minority. Powered by Wikiloc
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Sacred architecture

MONASTERIO DE ZEMEN (BULGARIA)

It is a Bulgarian Orthodox monastery located on a hill one kilometer from the Bulgarian town of Zemen. The monastery was founded in the 11th century and remained active until the invasion of the Ottoman army. In the 19th century the monastery was restored. The monastic complex consists of several simple buildings of which the founding church stands out. The main building of the complex is the church of San Ivan the Theologian, it has a cube shape measuring 9 meters long, 8 meters wide and 11.20 meters high. The altar is composed of a monolithic rock and the floor is colored tiles. Powered by Wikiloc
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FRONTERA BULGARIA-MACEDONIA

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SKOPIE 'La gema desconocida de los Balcanes” (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

Skopje is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Macedonia. The city is in the north of the country, in the heart of the Balkans, halfway between Belgrade and Athens. The city of Skopje is located on the border with Kosovo, in the northwest. The most striking part of the city's origins lies on the north bank of the Vardar River. There are the Old Bazaar and the Fortress, as more visible elements of the legacy of the city. In the Old Bazaar you can wander around and get to know the daily life of the largest Muslim area of ​​the city, with many traditional businesses and various mosques from whose minarets daily prayer is called. The Fortress is located on the top of a hill that offers magnificent views over the city. At the foot of the fortress is the Turkish quarter. Its wall is quite well preserved. The Turkish Quarter is one of the main attractions of the city. Strolling through the Turkish quarter is one of the essential pleasures of Skopje. The city developed rapidly after the Second World War, but this evolution was interrupted in 1963 when it was shaken by a strong earthquake in which more than 2,000 people died, half of the buildings in the city were destroyed, a public tender was proposed to remake the city, which, following the guidelines of the time (at that time Macedonia was part of the communist Yugoslavia of Tito), devised a whole series of brutalist buildings that still endure today and leave the traveler speechless. Powered by Wikiloc
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Sacred architecture

MEZQUITA PINTADA DE TETOBO (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

The mosque is called Aladzha (by the Turks), also called Šarena Džamija (by the Albanians), and is known as THE PAINTED MOSQUE It was built in 1459 and known among the residents of Tetovo as the Mosque of Pachá. The mosque is a sign of the domain of the area had the Turkish Empire, who was the one who exported the Koran through the Balkans. It is a peculiar mosque for several things: - Its construction was not financed by sultans or great men but by two sisters of the city - It has no external dome like other mosques -It has magnificent paintings both outside and inside the temple. The exterior resembles a house of cards, as if the facade were made of several different decks, each one of colors (green, blue, ocher, red, etc) and different geometric styles, a style that could be classified as Turkish Ottoman baroque. In the backyard of the mosque there is an octagonal form of peat from Hurshida and Mensure, the two women who provided the money for the construction of the mosque It is a very curious construction, because although the mosque does not stand out for its extraordinary dimensions, it does so for its exquisite interior and exterior decoration, which is why it receives the nickname of Mezquita Pintada. But this mosque was not always painted, since from its construction in 1459 until the mid-nineteenth century there was no decoration. It was from 1833 that the restoration of the building was undertaken, and its decoration by means of natural pigments that were mixed with egg yolk to be well adhered. It was a work financed by Abdurrahman Pasha, who was a true enthusiast of art and who did not hesitate to hire Christian artisans, more accustomed to the art of fresco decoration to undertake the decoration of the mosque. Probably this is one of the most beautiful mosques in the Balkans.
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Sacred architecture

ARABATI BABA TEKKE. EL MONASTERIO BEKTASHI DE TETOBO (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

The monastery is located on the outskirts of the city and is the headquarters that the order of the Bektashi has in Tetovo. The Bektashi is a mystical order encompassed within the Sufi philosophy that is native to Turkey. They are followers of the master Haci Bektashi Veli, who lived in the thirteenth century. Although the Bektashi were responsible for Islamizing much of Turkish Anatolia and the Balkans, they gradually moved away from Islamic orthodoxy, of which only a small part remain. In Tetovo, it is not uncommon for the Bektashi to be attacked by Islamic fundamentalists, the tombs of their profaned masters and even the Arabati Bababa Tekke, occupied by the Islamic religious to establish their five daily calls to prayer as they consider to the Bektashi, authentic heretics of Islam. The Bektashi Monastery in Tetovo, the Arabati Baba Tekke, was built in the 18th century around the tomb of the Sufi master Sersem Ali Baba, who had lived a couple of centuries earlier in this area. The Arabati Beba Tekke is built on a large plot of land where several buildings are constructed in traditional Turkish style. Among the various buildings, there are the monastic dependencies of the few monks who still survive in this place or the Kubeli Meydan, the prayer room. We also find a türbe, the typical room that serves as the mausoleum of the ancient Sufi masters. The Bektashi are humble people, who profess religious freedom, nothing extremist. Although they contemplate several of the rites that the Koran, the Sufi philosophy is far from religious orthodoxy in such basic issues as that does not force women to cover their heads or men to leave beards. The Bektashi are opposed to interreligious struggle, for they are the flag of tolerance, poverty and humility.
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GALICHNIK (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

Galichnik is a mountain village in the Republic of Macedonia that preserves well the traditional architecture, including an amphitheater in the town square, and is famous for its landscapes and its nature reserve. It is located on the slopes of the Bistra mountain, about 10 km from the artificial Mavrovo lake and the Zare Lazarevski winter complex. This region has abundant rich pastures for cattle grazing and this characteristic attracted numerous nomadic tribes that created settlements based on cattle breeding and sheep grazing. It was declared a National Heritage and famous in Macedonia for its traditional architecture and its Kachkaval cheese. ROUTE BY ZONE: Powered by Wikiloc
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JANCE (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

The village of Janče is located in the Mavrovo National Park, in the mountain massif of Bistra. Janče is one of the most picturesque and culturally important towns, it is one of the oldest settlements located in the area of ​​Mijačija (Radika River area). Near Janče there is the Jovan Bigorski monastery and the Deer Leap bridge that crosses the Radika river. Powered by Wikiloc
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Sacred architecture

MONASTERIO BIGORSKI “San Juan Bautista” (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

The Monastery of San Juan Bautista, is an Orthodox Macedonian monastery not recognized, located in the western part of the current Republic of Macedonia, near the road that connects the towns of Debar and Gostivar, located at the top of the hills. There live about sixty people, half of them are monks. All of them welcome visitors who want to stay overnight in the monastery. The monastery church is dedicated to Saint John the Baptist. It was built in 1020 by Ivan I Debranin. The Ottomans destroyed the monastery in the 16th century. The monastery was restored in 1743 by the monk Ilarion, who also built several cells for the monks. The tufa stone can be found throughout the area and is used for the construction of the church. The majority of his fresco paintings are preserved. The monastery also has a small silver coffin containing alleged relics of St. John and the remarkable collection of manuscripts. One of the most treasured spiritual treasures of the monastery is this sacred icon of Saint John the Baptist, which was found at the beginning of the eleventh century by the monk John, the founder of this monastery.
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Waterfall

CASCADA DUF (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

Duf Falls, near the village of Rostuša, is located in the Mavrovo National Park, in the western region of the Republic of Macedonia. The waterfall is located near the Monastery of San Jovan Bigorski Powered by Wikiloc
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OHRID (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

Ohrid, is a town in the west of the Republic of Macedonia that sits on the shores of the lake of the same name. It is surrounded by mountains. The city of Ohrid and its surroundings have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979 (for its natural values) and 1980 (for its cultural and historical values). It is a city with more than 4,000 years of history. It is an ideal city to enjoy on foot, to find the various Byzantine churches, enjoy its fortress, stroll along the shore of the lake to find a small monastery. A small city on a human scale, full of beautiful corners. Powered by Wikiloc
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MONASTERIO SAN NAUM (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

The Monastery of San Naum is a millenarian Orthodox monastery of Byzantine style that is located in the eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia, is located along Lake Ohrid, 29 kilometers south of the city of Ohrid. The monastery was built by the Bulgarian Empire in the year 905, ordered by St Naum himself (missionary and Bulgarian writer), who is buried there. They impress their two rooms completely covered in frescoes telling the story of the saint. The place is very frequented by national visitors, who take pictures by the adjacent gardens where a colony of peacocks walks.
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TRPEJCA (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

Трпејца is a village at the foot of the Galicica mountain and along the shore of Lake Ohrid in the Republic of Macedonia. Traditionally a fishing village, it has recently become an exclusive vacation spot that relies heavily on tourism during the summer months.
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LESKOEC (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

Small mountain village to get lost in its forests walking along the slopes of Lake Prespa along paths between centuries-old beech trees. ROUTE BY ZONE: Powered by Wikiloc
Beach

CAMPO VOLEY PLAYA DUPENY BEACH (PERUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

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BITOLA Y RUINAS DE HERAKELA LINCESTIS (REÙBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

BITOLA is a World Heritage City located at the foot of the Pelister mountain, cataloged as a Biosphere Reserve. It is the second city of the country, in its main street rich opulent manor houses of the nineteenth century. It was a cultured city, where the schools offered teachings in several languages. It is a city with a lot of life. HERACLEA LYNCESTIS was an ancient Macedonian city located 2 km south of the current city of Bitola. It was founded by Philip II of Macedonia in the middle of the 4th century BC, after it conquered the surrounding region of Lyncestis and incorporated it into its kingdom of Macedonia. The city was named in honor of the mythological Greek hero Heracles. The epithet Lyncestis means "the land of the lynx" in Greek. At present its ruins are within the borders of the Republic of Macedonia, two kilometers from the center of the city of Bitola. Heraclea is the most conserved city of the ancient Macedonian Empire survivor in the country. Famous for its dazzling mosaics, ancient theater and Roman baths The first excavations were made before the First World War, but since then the glories of the ancient city have been discovered. Beautiful Roman baths, the Episcopal church and the Baptistery, a Jewish temple, a portico and a Roman theater now used for summer concerts and theatrical performances, all stand proud in excellent condition. The Roman theater on the hill, whose ruins were unearthed in the late 1960s, was built during the 20-year reign of Emperor Hadrian (AD 117-138). He is credited with the construction and restoration of many structures in the province of Macedonia. It was not until after his death that the theater came into use. The artifacts found on the site indicate that it was used mainly to organize gladiatorial battles until the end of the 4th century, when this fight was banned throughout the Empire. There is a small museum in the gardens with some artifacts and a nice model of the city in its heyday. Powered by Wikiloc
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PRILLEP Y MONASTERIO DE TRESKAVETS (REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA)

From the city of Prilep you can climb the Monastery of Treskavets, a spectacular and magical natural scenery. The Monastery of Treskavets was built in the 13th century until the 14th century in a mountainous area of ​​difficult access, which was destroyed and rebuilt by the Serbian ruler Stefan Milutin, who also appears as a ktoror in the monasteries. Among its artistic treasures are a carved wooden door from the 16th century, medieval frescoes and a carved crucifix. A church on the site from the fifth or sixth century From the monastery you can see the cities: Prilep, Bitola and Krushevo but also the entire Pelagoniya Basin. In the inscription in the entrance it was written that the monastery has its origin in the thirteenth century. Several times it was demolished and rebuilt, the most important reconstruction is from the 14th century. ROUTE IN THE AREA Powered by Wikiloc
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FRONTERA REPUBLICA DE MACEDONIA- GRECIA

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EDESSA “La Ciudad del Agua” (GRECIA)

Édessa, formerly known as Vodena, is a city in northern Greece. One of the city's great attractions is its waterfall called "Káranos", the largest waterfall in Greece, a huge 70m waterfall formed by the Edessaios river as it passes through the city. The cataract has its origin after a strong earthquake in the fourteenth century. Many of the channels that flow through the city give rise to small waterfalls in the center of the city, and many bars and cafes open around these waterfalls. The Edessaios River runs through the city. If you go along the bank of this one, you will reach the Kioupri Park, where the Byzantine Bridge is. The most beautiful of the town is its old town and, above all, the streams, bridges, waterfalls, its narrow cobbled streets, its traditional houses, churches and orthodox chapels and chapels that have frescoes inside. Powered by Wikiloc
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Museum

MUSEO ARQUEOLOGICO PELLA “Cuna de Alejandro magno” (GRECIA)

Pela or Pella is an ancient city, located in the central plain of the Macedonia region in Greece. In this city were born Philip II of Macedonia and his son Alexander the Great, educated by the great Aristotle, who was another illustrious guest of the same as prominent artists of the time (Euripides, master of tragedy and Apelles, the painter). In Pella the art of mosaic was developed, which were made with polychrome pebbles and generally represented mythological scenes. Pella is now an archaeological site, not especially tourist due to its remoteness from the main cities of Greece. Its conservation status is acceptable considering that the city was destroyed by an earthquake in the 1st century BC. Inside the Pella Museum we can contemplate excellent works, such as the Lion's Hunting. Or that of Dionysus, found in the so-called House of Dionysus, in which the god is represented on the back of a panther. Magnificent is also the mosaic of the deer hunt, belonging to the fourth century BC, which decorated the floor of the House of the Rapture of Helena. There are other pieces of great value inside the museum, highlighting the bust of Alexander, dating from the Hellenistic period.
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TESALONICA (GRECIA)

It is the second largest city in Greece and the capital of Greek Macedonia, and an important port in the north of the Aegean. The city gets its name from Thessalonikē, sister of Alexander the Great. The city is located at the end of the valley of Ardar, in the Gulf of Thessaloniki, located on Via Egnatia that connected the acropolis with the coast. The roads from the Adriatic, such as the Egnatia road, and those coming from the Balkans, come to Thessalonica, which is why Thessaloniki becomes the main port of Macedonia. Its history has been quite convulsive: it was in Roman hands, then it was part of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire), later Ottoman (logical, we are next to Turkey) and at the beginning of the 20th century, after the First Balkan War, it was absorbed by Greece. Its history, so rich, is reflected in the extensive cultural heritage with monuments of all times. Another very important event for the morphology of Thessaloniki was the fire of 1917. It destroyed a large part of the city and had to be rebuilt practically in its entirety, especially the lower part. Powered by Wikiloc
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FRONTERA GRECIA-BULGARIA

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MELLNIK (BULGARIA)

The city of Melnik is declared a natural and architectural reserve and 96 of its buildings are cultural monuments, it also has its city title for historical reasons, not because of its number of inhabitants, as it is the smallest town in the whole country with only 365 people. From this small village from which you can access the monastery of Rozhen, very simple and humble, in which live and work monk. , Besides being famous for its incredible architecture, this city is also famous for its wine. The Melnik wine is made to be taken when it is still young, so it is recommended to visit the local taverns to make their own wine and so you can try it as soon as it comes out of the barrels. In Melnik are the Melnik Pyramids, impressive natural pyramids made of sand and clay, which give the name to the city to be 'mel' clay, which can be found in various forms such as obelisks, ancient towers and mushrooms, and that extend for 17 kilometers through the city and its neighbors. Declared a natural monument, a unique natural formation that attracts tourists from all over the world. Scientists believe that the pyramids acquired this form thanks to the erosion of clay soils. The Melnik pyramids are in constant design process and their external appearance and shape change over time. Apart from the pyramidal shape, the sand formations are shaped like mushrooms, cones, needles, etc. The height of the pyramids reaches 100 m. The distinctive feature of the Melnik pyramids is that the slopes are sandy, in some places they are completely vertical, and in the peaks grow deciduous trees and pastures. Powered by Wikiloc
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BLAGOEVGRADO (BULGARIA)

Blagoevgrad, a classic city of architecture of the communist period that today is a university seat with a lot of life and full of cafes where to take a break
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Sacred architecture

MONASTERIO RILA (BULGARIA)

The most important and famous monastery in the country. The Rila Monastery (in Bulgarian: Рилски Манастир, Rilski Manastir) was founded in the tenth century by St. John of Rila known as Ivan Rilski, a hermit, canonized by the Orthodox Church. The monastery is located in the Rila Mountains, in the western part of Bulgaria, about 120 kilometers from the capital, Sofia. Ivan Rilski retired as a hermit to the mountains of the Rila mountain range. They say that he lived in holiness in the hollow of a tree carved in the shape of a coffin, soon his fame of sanctity spread and other people who wanted to follow his example came to his company. At the end of his life he founded the monastery to house all these hermit monks. He played an important role in the spiritual and social life of medieval Bulgaria. Partially destroyed by a fire in the early nineteenth century, it was rebuilt between 1834 and 1862, although the oldest buildings that managed to survive the fire were not altered. The monument is a characteristic example of the Bulgarian Resistance (from the 18th century to the 19th century) and symbolizes the feeling of Slavic cultural identity after centuries of occupation by the Ottoman Empire. The monastery was declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1983.1
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CUEVA IVAM RILSKY (BULGARIA)

The cave in which St. Ivan Rilski spent more than 7 years of his life is only 3-4 km from the Rila Monastery. Pass the parking lot of the monastery and continue for another 3-4 km. Before a sharp turn in U, you will see a large wooden icon on the left side of the road. Continue on foot through the forest for approximately 15 minutes until you reach a small church. The forest surrounding the cave of St. Ivan Rilski Incredible serenity of this place, following in the footsteps of a great man who inspired an entire nation. There is magic in this forest. Quick information about the life of St. Ivan Rilski (San Juan de Rila) Ivan Rilski was born in the village of Skrino in 876 and was a pastor until his 25th birthday. After the death of his parents, he gave away all his material possessions and entered a monastery where he began his religious journey The first thing you see when approaching the cave is a small church, this was the first monastery built by the monk's disciples. To enter the cave, continue on the right side of this small church. You will see the stone stairs that take you inside. Inside the cave, there is nothing spectacular about it. At the end of Ivan Rilski's small cave, you can see a thin beam of light. It comes from a narrow two-meter tunnel that ends at the top of the cave. The belief is that only people with clean souls can pass and that magical powers keep sinners away. If you also feel the incredible magic of this place, make a wish, write it down on a small note and place it near the Ayazmo. Legend has it that, from time to time, St. Ivan Rilski returns to his grave and grants the wishes of some of us. Juan de Rila was the first Bulgarian hermit. He was revered as a saint while he was still alive. The legend that surrounds it speaks of wild animals that approached him freely and birds that landed in his hands. His followers founded many churches in his honor, including the famous Rila monastery. Powered by Wikiloc

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