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near Červený Kláštor, Prešovský (Slovenská republika)
Pieniny is a part of the limestone and dolomite rock strata. . Pieniny is located in two states, Slovakia and Poland. It belongs to districts Kežmarok and Stará Ľubovňa in Slovakia and to Nowy Targ in Poland. Pieniny borders in the north with Gorce Mountains and Sadeckie Beskids, in the south with Spišská Magura, in the west with Belianske Tatras and in the east with Ľubovňa Uplands. The length of Pieniny is about 35 km and its width is up to 6 km.
Pieniny was formed mainly by the Dunajec River which made its way/has cut through the resistant limestone rocks in canyon-shaped gorge. The superelevation of the rocks above sea level in the Tri Koruny Massif (Three Crowns Massif 982 m) reaches 520 m.
The flora of Pieniny attracts the attention of botanists more than 200 years. The first famous herbalist was a Camaldolese monk Father Cyprian who lived in the Red Monastery in Cerveny Klastor where he made a herbarium and gathered and described 265 herbs from Pieniny. Pieniny is a place for survival and a permanent development to flora. The flora of Pieniny has a unique position and exceptional scientific value.