Time  6 hours 38 minutes

Coordinates 1398

Uploaded November 16, 2019

Recorded October 2019

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338 ft
0 ft
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7.4
15
29.42 mi

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near Sydney, New South Wales (Australia)

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10/30/2019

Despite its proximity, Australia and New Zealand, different colonization processes followed and although the well-known "British style" is present in both nations, the differences are evident.

In Australia, with a very complex territory to cultivate, a process of colonization by large estates was followed that required for their exploitation the possession of slaves (initially inmates), which has led to multiple problems of racism such as the known “white policy” of restrictions to the immigration of 1901. In New Zealand, colonized later, the procedure was different, with land transfer policies that had to be exploited directly by their owners, with very demanding environmental protective measures and a clear public presence of women from the beginning .

When the first fleet of convicts arrives in Australia from Great Britain in 1788, it is estimated that less than 8,000 Aboriginal people inhabited the surrounding regions of the current city of Sydney, highlighting the Eora people (Cadigal Tribe). It was Admiral Arthur Phillip who founded a penitentiary colony in a cove on the south coast of Puerto Jackson and Lord Sydney its first governor, from whom the city takes its name.

In April 1789, an apparent outbreak of smallpox ended the lives of most Aboriginal people. In addition to smallpox, a series of violent clashes between settlers and the original population ended with more Aboriginal people, leaving few hundreds of them by 1820. The then governor of Australia, Lachlan Macquarie, decided to "civilize, Christianize and educate them," and the He separated from his clans. The Macquarie era was of great development, and the convicts built roads, bridges and public buildings. The arrival of immigrants from the British Isles between 1830 and 1850 motivated the appearance of houses on the outskirts, and the city expanded rapidly.

On July 20, 1842, Sydney was declared a city, the first in Australia, with Charles Haddon Chambers being the first mayor. The 1851 gold rush attracted many more immigrants to Australia, with Sydney being the first point of arrival for most. The Industrial Revolution meant the industrialization of the city, which at the beginning of the 20th century surpassed the million inhabitants. Although the Great Depression affected Sydney, this did not prevent the completion of the construction of the Harbor Bridge in 1932.

In recent decades, Sydney has gradually become a cosmopolitan city due to the arrival of immigrants from various parts of the world, especially Asians and Arabs. It is a very pleasant city to live, with multiple gardens and bays to practice water sports. All this under the stellar presence of the Opera House, completed in 1973 and declared a World Heritage Site in 2007, when the architect Jorn Utzon was still alive, a unique circumstance until that moment.

This is a recommended tour to get a first idea of the different neighborhoods of the city and emblematic peripheral areas such as Bondi Beach, surfers paradise and the reef area near Macquarie Lighthouse and Watson Bay, which I describe in the WP corresponding.
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Waypoint

Edificio Reina Victoria

Building built between 1893 and 1898 in the financial center of Sydney, the work of architect George Mc Rae, belongs to the Romantic Renaissance movement. Remodeled several times, it is currently an important commercial center.
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Waypoint

Dawest Point (Port Jackson) / The Rocks

Before arriving at Dawest Point we pass through the Victorian houses of Argyle Place, Bangaroo Reserve and then stop for a few beers at The Lord Nelson Brewery, a reduced menu site but all very well cooked and presented with care. The Rocks is the oldest neighborhood in Sydney, where the first fleet of prisoners / convicts sent by the British government arrived just over 200 years ago, given the impossibility of taking them to the former American colonies that had just gained independence. We highlight Cadman's Cottage, the oldest house that now houses the Natural Parks and Wildlife Information Center, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Victorian houses of Argyle Street, although the greatest charm is in getting lost in its labyrinthine and steep streets, repairing in galleries and pub with a lot of charm.
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Sydney Museum / lado oeste Parque Botánico

We highlight the presence in the Botanical Park of Sydney of a specimen of Wollemi Pine, a rare and scarce tree of coniferous Arakucarieaceae family, discovered in 1994, in isolated areas of the temperate forests of Wollemi National Park.
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Hyde Park / Sant Marys Cathedral

St. Marys Cathedral was built between 1868 to 2000, it is neo-Gothic and Catholic. Interesting windows that transmit a very special light inside.
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Mrs. Macquarie´s Chair

It is located within the Botanical Park of Sydney, with excellent views over Opera House, Woolloomooloo Bay and Potts Point. It is one of the most visited sites in the city, especially by Chinese tourists who usually monopolize the area.
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Opera House

World Heritage Site since 2007. The Jorn Utzon Project was chosen under number 218 of those submitted. I had never been to Australia before. He could not finish the work, because there was a change of government and he was dismissed as director in the final part of the work, due to economic discrepancies. Uzton had to close his office due to economic problems and never returned to Australia, although he was invited to the inauguration chaired by the Queen of England. His son, also an architect, now directs the conservation and renovation works. In my opinion, it is an overwhelming job. Inside it is a wooden box independent of the outer shell, specially cared for to guarantee the best acoustic conditions. It was done when the "shell technology" was not yet developed, so it was a revolutionary design. Very interesting to know the configuration of the exploded view of the ceramic plates through mathematical developments, since they had to come finished at the factory, each destined to a specific place on the roof. Opera House is located in the well-known Bennelong Point, in memory of the aboriginal of the Eora people (Cadigal Tribe), who served as an interlocutor between the Eora and the British, both in Sydney and in the United Kingdom. He was in direct contact with Admiral Arthur Phillip, under instructions from King George III. His wife Barangaroo also had an outstanding participation in the colonization process, which is why he has dedicated a park in the western part of The Rocks Neighborhood, where the promenade that will link Sydney bays is now built.
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Centennial Park

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Bondi Beach

Surfers paradise from around the world. It has a very relaxed air, but it shows excessive care for physical appearance. The Bucket List is a good place to have some beers and a healthy dish.
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Faro Macquarie y zona de acantilados The Gap

26 meters high, built in 1818, the work of architects Francis Greenwich and James Barnet. Near Watson Bay and Robertson Park
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Rose Bay

It has an attractive public golf course by the sea (Royal Sydney Golf Club)
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Ayuntamiento Sydney / Catedral anglicana Sant Andrés

1 comment

  • Photo of Carmen Abellán

    Carmen Abellán Nov 17, 2019

    I have followed this trail  View more

    Sydney está muy muy lejos, pero es uno de esos placeres que uno debe concederse una vez en la vida, al menos.

    Estar frente a Opera House es algo inolvidable

You can or this trail