Time  7 hours one minute

Coordinates 3872

Uploaded July 26, 2015

Recorded July 2015

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31.36 mi

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near Plattsburgh, New York (United States)

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Plattsburgh
Plattsburgh is a city in the United States, home of Clinton County, in the North Country (New York) region of New York State. With nearly 20,000 residents, it is the largest city in the state on the Adirondack Coast along Lake Champlain. With its suburbs, Plattsburgh (town), the metropolitan area has nearly 32,000 inhabitants. The village of Plattsburgh was founded in 1785 and takes its name from Zephaniah Platt, one of the first landowners in the area.

Geography


The Saranac River at Verdant Park.
Plattsburgh is located on the west shore of Lake Champlain in northeastern New York State. The Saranac River flows through the city to Lake Champlain. The territory of the municipality occupies an area of ​​17.1 km2 of which 13.1 km2 are terrestrial and 4.0 km2 are water surfaces.

town planning
Plattsburgh is served by Highway 87, which connects the Canadian border (Autoroute 15 from Montreal to the state capital, Albany), Federal Highway 9 and State Highway 22 crosses it in a north-south direction. that state roads 3, 190 and 374 are east-west.
The nearest major city in the United States is Burlington, Vermont, which can be reached bypassing Lake Champlain or by ferry from Cumberland Head to Grand Isle, Vermont, and by a seasonal ferry from Port Kent, 16 km south of city. The closest metropolis is Montreal, Canada, about 100 km to the north.
Plattsburgh International Airport, formerly the USAF Air Base, was completed in February 2007. It offers flights to Boston by US Airways. Allegiant Air and Myrtle Beach Direct also offer flights to several destinations in Florida and Myrtle Beach. FedEx and UPS offers a cargo service.
Plattsburgh has a regional bus service through Clinton County Public Transportation. It is also serviced by Greyhound and Adirondack Trailways for intercity connections but the city does not have a bus station, stopping at service points, such as motels, along main roads. However the city has a train station with Amtrak service between Montreal and New York.

History
New France
In 1609, the discoverer and first governor of New France, Samuel de Champlain, went to the Lake Champlain Valley. The region is occupied by Iroquois Indians who are opposed to the tribes of the St. Lawrence Valley. The French take sides with them and many military expeditions are conducted to pacify the region. Calm finally returns to the Treaty of Peace Montreal of 1701. The region is mostly a reservoir of furs for Montreal merchants and a territory of evangelization for missionaries. It also becomes the border region between New France and New England. The powerful Fort Carillon is built further south to repel any invasion to the heart of French territory.

English conquest and American war of independence
The Seven Years' War is the last chapter in Britain's struggle for supremacy in North America. On July 8, 1758, the French troops under the command of the Marquis de Montcalm defeated a British opponent superior in number to the battle of Fort Carillon. The following spring the British took control of the Great Lakes and threatened Quebec. The French can not adequately defend the region and the fort is destroyed before the withdrawal of the troops not to leave it to the British troops who were to attack it.
With the Treaty of Paris of 1763, all of New France passed into the British fold which transformed all the territories west of Appalachia into Indian territories in order to limit the expansion of the American colonies which are already beginning to stir. The British did little in the region because by 1774, it was the declaration of independence of the United States.
The naval battle of Valcour Island during the American Revolutionary War took place off Plattsburgh in Lake Champlain in 1776 and ended with a British victory. However, the war turns to the advantage of the Thirteen colonies and ends in 1783. The region thus passes under control of the new nation by the Treaty of Paris.

Foundation
Zephaniah Platt receives a title deed from George Clinton, the British governor, in the area after the British conquest. He finally founded the city in 1785, in agreement with the new American authorities. Most of the inhabitants, however, are of French origin and divide the city according to their traditions. The streets are named after the daughters of prominent traders and politicians, famous people like Champlain and Montcalm. Thus, unlike the English tradition of calling Main Street Main Street, Palttsburgh's main street is named "Cornelia", later to become Cornelia. The village is incorporated in 1815 and becomes a city in 1902.

XIXth century
In the nineteenth century Plattsburgh developed as a port on Lake Champlain. During the War of 1812, the naval battle of Lake Champlain took place just off the city. Despite superior enemy firepower, US naval forces manage to defeat a British squadron. This victory allowed them to cut the naval supply lines of the British troops and forced them to retreat to Canada.
The population diversifies and in 1861, a first synagogue, Temple Beth Israel, is built1. The Plattsburgh Normal School was built in 1889. It burns in 1929 but is rebuilt in 1932. It will become the State University of New York (SUNY) in Plattsburgh.

Twentieth century


Bombardier B-47 with "Pride of the Adirondacks", one of two aircraft exhibited at Clyde A. Lewis Aeronautical Park
In the second half of the nineteenth century, Plattsburgh will gain an important base of the United States Air Force during the Cold War. Its strategic position near the major centers of the East Coast of the United States and in subsidence of the Adirondack Mountains allowed conditions of optimal use. It was the site of the Strategic Air Command's first East Coast Wing, including the 380th Bombing Squadron, a Flight Replenishment Squadron and an Aerospace Squadron. B-52 Stratofortress and FB-111 bombers and tankers were stationed there. Its huge runways were designated as one of four landing sites for the US Space Shuttle.
On the 1st, the 556th Strategic Missile Squadron began operations there. The twelve liquid fuel Atlas F missiles were hidden in silos around the base. Ten of these were on the other side of the lake in Vermont. The squadron was put on alert during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 and was dismantled in 1965, while the new, more serviceable, solid fuel Minuteman missiles were deployed to other bases.
The air base was closed on 29 September 1995 by cuts in military spending after the end of the Cold War. The lands were surrendered to the community and the Plattsburgh Airbase Redevelopment Corporation (PARC) attracted civilian industries and airlines. The airport serves mostly northern New York State and even tries to compete with Montreal's Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport, about 100 km to the north, offering discount flights to various destinations.

21st century
During the 1980s and since the economic crisis of 2008, the Canadian dollar is strong against the US dollar and many Canadians come to buy in Plattsburgh, where taxes are lower. Since the majority of these come from Quebec, bilingual English / French is quite common. The city's economy now largely depends on the industries around the former air base, Bombardier Transport2 and Nova Bus3 plants assembling trains, subway trains and buses for the US market, as well as the paper mill. Georgia-Pacific.

Administration
The municipal council consists of a mayor elected by universal suffrage and six councilors each elected in a district. The Republican and Conservative Donald Kasprzak has been mayor since 2007, following his re-election in 2010 with 77.4% ahead of Kathryn McCleery of the Working Families Party.
Composition of the municipal council
2010-2014
Mayor Donald Kasprzak
District 1 Tim Carpenter
District 2 Mark Tiffer
District 3 George Rabideau
District 4 Jim Calnon
District 5 Chris Case
District 6 Chris Jackson

Demography
In the 2010 census, the city had 19,989 people, 7,600 residences and 3,473 families. The inhabitants are 89.88% Caucasian, 3.5% African American, 0.38% Native American, 2.77% Asian, 3.4% of Latin American origin and the rest is of mixed or mixed origin. . Average income per residence was US $ 28,846 and the median per family was US $ 46,337.

Economy
Tourism is a major economic activity in Plattsburgh, with the Cumberland Bay State Park and the municipal beach located on Cumberland Sound, north-east of the city.

Culture
Plattsburgh has several cultural institutions and historic sites including the Plattsburgh Public Library, Feinberg Library, Crab Island Memorial, Samuel de Champlain Monument, McDonough Memorial, Kent-Delord House, Samuel de Champlain History Center, the Clinton County Historical Museum, the War Museum of 1812, the Champlain Valley Transportation Museum, the Plattsburgh State University Art Museum, the Srand Arts Center and the Strandt Theater. The film Frozen River, directed in 2007 by Courtney Hunt, is shot in Plattsburgh.
Plattsburgh has three newspapers: The Clinton County Free Trader Today with a circulation of 15,000 and merged with the North Countryman in 20105, The Plattsburgh Press Republican with some 17,000 copies6 and the Plattsburgh Burgh with about 8,000 copies7. Plattsburgh has two television stations, WPTZ, channel 5, affiliated with NBC and WCFE-TV, channel 57, a member of PBS.
(See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plattsburgh)

Ausable Chasm, New York
Ausable Chasm is a sandstone gorge and tourist attraction located in the village of Keeseville, New York, US [1] The Ausable River runs through it, and then empties into Lake Champlain. It is directly due west of Port Kent, New York.

Geological training
The gorge is about two miles long, and is a tourist attraction in the Adirondack region of Upstate New York. It is fed by the Rainbow Falls at its southern extreme.
The chasm has a continuous exposure of a section of the Potsdam Sandstone more than 160 meters (520 ft) thick, which includes a rare, mid-cambrian fossil jellyfish. [2]
The Devil 's Oven, Cathedral, Sentinel Rock, The Elephant' s Head, The Flume, and Rock Table.

Tourism
In 1760 Major John Howe explored the chasm on ropes. Called by some, the "Little Grand Canyon of the East", the 1½-mi-long chasm opened to the public in 1870.

Cultural attractions
North Star Underground Railroad Museum, commemorating the Underground Railroad, operated by the North Country Underground Railroad Historical Association on Mace Chasm Road in Ausable Chasm, NY on County Road 71, south of the junction of County Route 373 and US 9.


Burlington (Vermont)
Burlington is the largest city in the state of Vermont, United States. The city is also the county seat of Chittenden. Burlington is located on the east shore of Lake Champlain, 72 km south of the Canadian border (Vermont-Quebec) and 151 km south of Montreal. According to the latest US Census Bureau estimates, Burlington had a population of 42,417 in 2010.
This city is one of the first cities, if not the first, to operate with a 100% green power supply since 20151. The project was in progress since the 1990s: the inhabitants have agreed to pay a local tax ( Energy Efficiency Charge) to support its realization.
Burlington is part of an urban area comprising the contiguous towns of South Burlington, Winooski, Colchester, Essex and Williston and the village of Essex Junction. In 2010, this urban area had 208,055 inhabitants. The American outdoor magazine Outside names Burlington as "top American dream city".
Burlington is a university town, home to the University of Vermont and Champlain College. St. Michael's College is located nearby (in Colchester).

Climate
Lake Champlain and the Adirondacks seen from Burlington docks.
Burlington has a humid continental climate (Koppen DFB), with cold winters and hot, humid summers. Extreme cold ranges from -34 ° C (record of 15 January 1957) to a wet heat of + 38 ° C (record of 11 August 1944) 2 Spring and autumn are the transition seasons. From January to July, the average monthly temperature is -7.8 to + 21.4 ° Celsius. The annual rainfall is 917 mm and is well distributed throughout the year, but the summer months are the wettest. The geographic location of the city on the east shore of Lake Champlain is often a risky occurrence of snow squalls up to 33 cm in 12 hours several times. The annual snowfall is usually 206 cm, but this number can vary each winter.


History


The Statue of Ira Allen.
Burlington's earliest beginnings date back to the 1770s, when the Allen brothers built a wooden fort at the WinooskiNote 1 waterfall. Some settlers cleared the surrounding lands and agriculture began. In 1787, Ethan Allen built his house near the mouth of the WinooskiNote 2 River. The University of Vermont at Burlington established in 1791 and the Vermont College of Agriculture was based on land donated by Ira Allen.
In 1800, Burlington became one of the country's major ports, primarily for the import of Canadian lumber. Its population is then about 816 people3.
The War of 1812 between the Americans and the British is not very popular in Vermont. With the rest of New England, Vermont provides neither soldiers nor financial support.


Drawing of Burlington in 1858.
One time, during the war, 5,000 men were stationed in Burlington (more than the number of inhabitants of the time) but 500 of them die of diseases. Several of his soldiers are housed in the main building of the University of Vermont, which serves as a military hospital. On August 2, 1813, Burlington was bombed by British troops in a skirmish that the Americans had planned but ignored. This bombing lasted only about ten minutes and had no influence on the outcome of the war.


The Van Ness House, built in 1870, is the largest hotel in Burlington.
In 1823, the navigable canal of Lake Champlain was opened. It offers a continuous waterway from New York to Montreal via the Hudson River, Lake Champlain and the Richelieu River in Canada. With the opening of this canal, Burlington and Plattsburgh (located on the opposite shore of Lake Champlain in New York State), become important ports for timber and agricultural products to the South and for manufactured goods. New York to northern Vermont and Canada. Around 1830-1850, Burlington grew rapidly, becoming the preeminent city of the state of Vermont. Its population of 3,526 in 18305 rose to 7,585 in 18506.


Church Street in 1907.
With the arrival of the Rutland Railway in Burlington in 1849, the Burlington lumber industry continued to grow, and in 1862, when the Central Vermont Railroad reached Winooski, the dairy industry (established in the more rural part at South Burlington) begins selling milk to New England and Quebec. In 1865, the northwestern part of the current town officially became the municipality of Burlington. In 1885, the Winooski & Burlington Horse Railroad Company began trolley service throughout the city. The population is 14,590 people in 18907 to cross the 18,640 mark at the beginning of 19008
In 1929, the end of the Burlington tram service was marked by the burning of a streetcar in the city center. Burlington deindustrializes in the decade of the 1980s. Several old factories close. In the 1990s, to create a renewal: many abandoned industrial buildings are renovated in offices and housing. Once an industrial port, a marina for small pleasure boats appears on the shores. This gives birth to the Waterfront Park, a friendly place where you can leisurely stroll, sit, and relax.

Architectural Heritage
The current downtown is located on a hill overlooking Lake Champlain and home to the University of Vermont. The former industrial prosperity has left behind much of the Victorian era architecture, including the buildings of architects Ammi B. Young, HH Richardson and McKim, Mead & White. Burlington has become a filming location for the United States for some time (Myself & Irene (2000) and What Lies Beneath (2000)). Many industrial buildings of the early twentieth century have been restored. Preservation Burlington was founded in 19989 to protect historic architecture in Burlington. Each year, prizes are awarded for restoring old buildings.

Economy
Formerly a small industrial and port city, Burlington is today based primarily on the computer industry and on education and health services. The only major industrial facility is IBM's Semiconductor Plant (Essex Junction). IBM is the largest employer with 6,500 employees. The other major employers in Burlington are Fletcher Allen Health Care10 and the University of Vermont (employing 4086 and 3137 people respectively). There is also General Electric, which develops software for the healthcare industry at the former headquarters of IDX Systems.

Culture


The BCA is housed in a former fire station completely restored in 1994-1995.
Burlington is also a cultural city. This reputation comes for its strength in the arts and culture, Burlington offers opportunities typical of a much larger city where an eclectic mix of artists, designers, workshops and boutiques coexist. found mostly in Downtown Burlington. Church street is a pedestrian street located in the heart of the city, this is where many festivals are held throughout the year. This is where KT Tunstall was made known.


The Carnegie Fletcher Library.
Several art galleries are located around Church Street. Burlington City Arts, commonly referred to as the BCA, features contemporary art exhibitions and performances by visual artists11.
The Vermont Symphony Orchestra12 and the Lyric Theater Company13 are housed at the Flynn14 Concert Hall. There is also the Flynnspace which presents avant-garde performances.
Burlington has Vermont's largest public library, the Carnegie Fletcher Library. This library maintains the National Register of Historic Places.

Media
Burlington is the media center of northern and central Vermont. The most important publications are The Burlington Free Press, which is sold throughout Vermont, Seven Days15, a free weekly newspaper for the entire Burlington metropolitan area that deals with arts and culture in general, and Vermont Business Magazine16 a monthly newspaper on trade and industry in Vermont.


Vermont Public Television uses the Green Mountains relief as a logo
11 radio stations are based in Burlington serving the area. 7 television stations are broadcasting from Burlington: 3 small local community television channels (VCAM-Channel 1517, RETN-Channel 1618 and CCTV-Channel 1719) and 4 larger regional channels: WFFF-TV which is affiliated to the FOX network, WVNY which is affiliated with the American network ABC, WCAX-TV which is affiliated with the American network CBS, and Vermont Public Television a non-commercial educational channel affiliated with the PBS network. The other major US television network (WPTZ affiliated with NBC) and WCFE-TV (PBS network) are broadcasting from Plattsburgh, New York.

Municipal Administration


Burlington City Hall.
Burlington has integrated several former neighboring cities for about fifty years. Today, the administration of the city is organized around a municipal council: The Democrats have the majority of the votes on the municipal council. The city council has fourteen seats, which are currently occupied by seven Democrats, one Republican, five Progressives, and one Independent20 all elected by universal suffrage by the population. It is a democrat, Miro Weinberger, who has been the mayor since 2012.
A prominent local politician, Peter Clavelle was Mayor of Burlington from 1989 to 1993, and from 1995 to 2006.21 In 2004, he attempted to be elected as Democratic candidate for Vermont governorship against incumbent Governor Jim Douglas. and four other candidates but he is defeated 38% to 59% in favor of Jim Douglas.

Opening to the French language
Burlington City Council unanimously passed a resolution on August 8, 2011 to promote the use of French in municipal public services, restaurant menus and second language instruction in schools22. The new law does not make French mandatory as a second language, but it strongly suggests its use23 so Burlington will include French on road signs and at the airport. Burlington wants to seduce the many Quebecers who visit it during the summer season24. The municipality also invites merchants and tourism organizations to hire employees with basic knowledge of the French language25. The municipality is also preaching by example, hiring some Quebecers holding the American green card. Several shops and restaurants in Burlington have the small coat of arms Here we speak French.
(Cf. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burlington_(Vermont))
Km 0 JCT Margaret vs Cumberland
Km .4 Lac Champlain
Km 1.3 Samuel Champlain
Km 1.7 Musée
Km 1.8 JCT Bridge vs City Hall
Km 3 Pont des Vétérans
Km 2.4 Marina
Km 2.9 Terry James Gordon
Km 4.1 Trail Bike
Km 5.8 Children's Museum
Km 9.1 Bluff Point Golf Resort
Km 10.8 Salmon River
Km 12.2 Stoneledge Sculpture Garden
Km 13.9 Lac Champlain
Km 15.6 Lac
Km 16.4 Ausable Point
Km 19.1 Ausable River
Km 21.2 Road 9
Km 22.6 Ausable Chasm Campground
Km 24 Rivière
Km 24 Entrée
Km 24.3 Rocky Point
Km 24.5 Split-Rock
Km 24.6 Rivière
Km 24.7 Canyon Ausable
Km 24.8 Rock
Km 24.9 Rock
Km 24.9 Visite
Km 25 Sentier
Km 25.1 Descente de rivière
Km 25.1 Descente
Km 25.3 Descente
Km 25.3 Descente
Km 25.6 Descente
Km 25.8
Km 26.1 Bus Stop
Km 27.9 Falls
Km 28.6 Ausable Center
Km 29.8 Road 373 Vers le traversier
Km 31.3 Bolton Acres
Km 33.4 Port Kent
Km 34.2 Traversier
Km 34.4 Traversier
Km 36.4 Traversée
Km 39 vers Burlington
Km 42 Casse Croute Traversier
Km 47 Burlington
Km 49 Quai Burlington
Km 49.7 Marina
Km 50 Arrivée
Km 50.4 Fin Burlington

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