Time  8 hours 18 minutes

Coordinates 4472

Uploaded August 1, 2016

Recorded August 2016

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226 f
20 f
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8.6
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34.36 mi

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near Miscouche, Illa del Príncep Eduard (Canada)

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Prince Edward Island or PEI (English: Prince Edward Island or PEI, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean a 'Phrionnsa, Mi'kmaq: Epekwitk (Francis-Smith)) is the smallest of Canada's provinces in terms of area and population. In 1864, Prince Edward Island hosted the Charlottetown Conference that led to Canadian Confederation in 1867. Nevertheless, it did not become a Canadian province until 1873. In the 2011 census, one it has a population of 140,204. At 24.7 people per square kilometer, it is the most densely populated province in Canada.

Climate
The climate of Prince Edward Island is humid continental that is, there is a big temperature difference between the cold months and the hot months. During the winter, the temperature can go down to -28 ° C.

Fauna and flora
The forest covers 50% of the area but the primary forest, consisting mainly of spruce, balsam fir and red maple, occupies only 290,000 hectares. Three centuries of colonization, along with forest diseases and fires, have almost wiped out the original forest of beech, yellow birch, maple, oak and American white pine1.
Prince Edward Island has a wide variety of wildlife including beaver, muskrat, mink, red fox, squirrel, snowshoe hare, striped skunks and coyotes. The territory is also rich in marine species.
Conservation of the environment has become an important issue. The removal of hedgerows, the use of chemical fertilizers, mechanization and agricultural overproduction in general are causing significant erosion of arable land leading to the silting up of ports and watercourses1. Some reforestation activities have been carried out1.
The North Atlantic right whale, one of the rarest whale species, was considered a rare visitor to the St. Lawrence until 1994. Since then, there has been a dramatic increase in numbers: off Perce in 1995, a progressive increase in all regions since 19984, around Cape Breton5 since 2014 and in Prince Edward Island, 35 to 40 whales were observed in 20156.


Natural Resources, Industry and Services
The island is poor in natural resources. No significant deposits of ore have yet been discovered but there are traces of coal, uranium and vanadium1. Natural gas is present in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, northeast of the Island, but is not large enough to be exploited1. Only sand and gravel are mined, but poor low quality production does not even meet provincial needs1. The forest is little exploited1.
Half of the island is very fertile land while arable land covers 90% of the area1. Until the 1950s, most farmers used horses, but the end of this practice freed up vast land previously used for fodder cultivation. From 1951 to 1996, the number of farms increased from 10,137 to 2,217 while the area under cultivation decreased by 39%. The average farm size has increased from 44 hectares to 119 hectares, while farmers' profit margins have dropped from 50% to 25% due to the increased cost of the equipment1. Governments are trying to curb the rural exodus while farms are becoming more expensive to start. Although agricultural production is declining, clearing continues. Agricultural production was valued at $ 317 million in 2000, of which $ 154 million was from potatoes1. The island has indeed a climate and a soil well adapted to this culture, and in particular for the production of seed potatoes. Three-quarters of the harvest is exported to 15 countries and the remainder is sold as is in North America or processed into frozen products such as french fries1. Tobacco, planted since 1959, is the second most important crop, despite the high cost and complexity of its production1. The province has 330 dairy farms and a herd of 16,000 cows producing 90 million liters of milk annually, 90% of which is processed into by-products, such as evaporated milk, generally for export1. 30,000 cattle are also sent to the slaughterhouse annually, although the price of meat fluctuates and production is down1. Pig farming is almost as important.
Fishing is the second primary industry on the Island. There were 6,500 fishermen and fish harvesters in 1994, working on 1,500 boats and creating 2,000 direct jobs in factories that processed fish valued at $ 139 million in 2000.1 The fishery is mostly coastal and the lobster is the most lucrative species1. Other molluscs are also caught, including scallops, oysters, clams and mussels. Oysters, whose production is concentrated in Malpeque Bay, are reputed1. Harvesting Irish moss, from which carrageenan is extracted, is an important industry west of the island1.
The manufacturing industry is mainly focused on the processing of fishery and agricultural products. This sector of the economy provided 4,800 jobs in 1997 while the value of production was valued at $ 1.1 billion in 20001. Major manufacturers include Cavendish Farms, DME International and McCain Foods. The government is trying to attract other types of industries, without any real success1. Some companies are still worthy of note include JD Irving, who operates a shipyard in Georgetown.
More and more people are working in services; governments employed 6,000 people in 19991.

Energy
Islanders are the most expensive to pay for electricity in Canada1. Summerside has a municipal distribution network while Maritime Energy distributes electricity to the rest of the island. Most of the electricity is imported from NB Power (New Brunswick) or Emera Energy Systems (Nova Scotia) via submarine cable. However, Maritime Energy has two thermal generating stations, one in Charlottetown and one in Borden-Carleton, operating at peak hours or in the event of a power outage and having an installed capacity of 104 megawatts (MW). Up to 54 MW can also be purchased from wind farms at Cape North or Eastern Kings Wind Farm.
Fuel oil is also very expensive, which encourages more and more people to heat their homes with wood. Although forests are not as exploited as in the nineteenth century, this industry creates more than 400 jobs.

Transport
Charlottetown Airport.
Main article: Transportation to Prince Edward Island.
The Confederation Bridge connects the island to the mainland. 12.9 km long, it is the longest bridge in the world to cross a stretch of frozen water in winter1. One ferry connects the island to Nova Scotia and another to the Îles de la Madeleine (Quebec).
An intercity bus service connects major cities, while Charlottetown has a public transit system, the Charlottetown Public Transit, consisting of 7 bus lines.
Charlottetown Airport offers scheduled flights to Halifax, Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Detroit and Boston. A second, smaller airport is in Summerside.
The railway was dismantled in 1989, after 114 years of existence. It has been converted into a bicycle path, the Confederation Trail, which consists of a portion of the Trans Canada Trail.

(See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince-Edouard Island)

Miscouche is a village in Prince County, Prince Edward Island, Canada, west of Summerside. The municipality was incorporated in 19571. Its name comes from the term Micmac meaning "little island of grass".
Miscouche is east of the Évangéline region, the largest francophone region in the province containing several Acadian stands; 15% of the population of Miscouche is considered Francophone. Miscouche is a service center for surrounding rural communities, such as Belmont, the center of Lot 16, Southwest Lot 16, Grand River, St. Nicolas and Linkletter.

History
It was in Miscouche that the 2nd National Acadian Convention took place in 1884 during which the national symbols of Acadia were chosen: flag, anthem, badge and motto. Congress leaders were worried about the decline of French in the parish2. Today, Miscouche is almost completely anglicized3. There were approximately 5,000 Acadian Maritime delegates. Since Miscouche was the host of this historical convention; in 1964, the Acadian Museum of Prince Edward Island was founded under the direction of Dr. J.-Aubin Doiron and Sister Antoinette DesRoches4. The museum was built near the church. The museum is now in a larger building since (located at the same location as the original museum) and since 1996, it is one of the seven sites of the Museums & Heritage of Prince Edward Island, a division of the department. provincial community, cultural matters and work.
St. John the Baptist Catholic Church is one of the oldest wooden churches on Prince Edward Island. She has a Casavant historical organ. Many renovations were completed in recent years to restore the former grandeur of the church.



The school
Miscouche Consolidated School was established in 1977. Grades 1-9 are taught, while Grades 10-12 are taught at Three Oaks Senior High in Summerside.

Population
• 869 (2011 census) 11
• 769 (2006 census) 12
• 766 (2001 census) 12

(See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscouche)


North Rustico is a village in Queens County, Prince Edward Island, Canada, southeast of Cavendish. The municipality was incorporated in 19541.
North Rustico became a municipality incorporated in 1954. The village is known by local people, as well as others like "The Crick". The village is part of the Cavendish Beaches and the Duneshores Tourism Association and has the bulk of the holiday resorts in the northern part of the island.
North Rustico is well known for celebrating Canada Day each year on July 1st. The event usually attracts over 10,000 people, filling the village a lot, including festivities in the park, a parade in the main street, and a flotilla of boats in the port of Rustico. The celebration is popular among families, teens and adults. The day is completed around 22 hours with fireworks on the bay.

Population
• 583 (2011 census) 2
• 599 (2006 census) 3
• 637 (2001 census) 3

History
The village of North Rustico was founded around 1790, around a small natural harbor along the Gulf of St. Lawrence coast. The area was home to a group of Acadians who had fled the British deportation during the Seven Years' War (see deportation of the Acadians), although English, Scottish and Irish settlers had moved to the area during the late 18th century. and during the 19th and 20th centuries.
The name Rustico comes from Rassicot, who was one of the first settlers from France.
The Farmers' Bank of Rustico was founded and managed under the tutelage of Father Georges-Antoine Belcourt, received royal assent of its incorporation by the Windsor Court on April 7, 1864. It is often considered the first bank in Canada based on the community. The bank building was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1959.

Economy
Downtown North Rustico.
The main industries of North Rustico in order of importance are fishing, tourism and agriculture. Located 30 kilometers northwest of Charlottetown, the village is gradually becoming a dormitory town with residents traveling to work in the city.
Since the 1996 census, the village has seen its population decline by 2% in its residents. During the short tourism season on Prince Edward Island in July and August, the proximity of the Village to Prince Edward Island National Park causes a temporary increase in population with several visitors remaining in Prince Edward Island. close accommodations.
The village has 255 homes and the median income is $ 126,855, compared to the provincial average of $ 60,512. There are several seasonal mansions or non-resident-owned villas that are used for only a few weeks during the summer.
The fishing industry remains the most important economic activity of the village with about 40 vessels in a port of small vessels. The lobster fishery is the primary goal for most of the fleet, and during May and June, fresh lobsters can be purchased from the north coast of PEI at a fish market on the harbor dock or directly from the harbor. boats. "Fisherman's Wharf Lobster Suppers" and "Blue Mussel Cafe" are popular spots for Prince Edward Island seafood.
In summer, the village is the most popular destination of the island. A hot summer evening, several people walk on the wooden passage of the wharf where you can see the bay and the wharf of fishing vessels.

Sports and hobbies
North Rustico has sea kayaking, cycling, walking and tour walking.

(Cf. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Rustico)
panorama

Km 0 Miscouche

Km 0 Miscouche
panorama

Km 2.2 Aéroport de Miscouche

Km 2.2 Aéroport de Miscouche
panorama

Km 8.9 JCT Route 3 vs 1A-11

Km 8.9 JCT Route 3 vs 1A-11
panorama

Km 10.8 Direction Kensington

Km 10.8 Direction Kensington
panorama

Km 14.9 Cavendish Farms

Km 14.9 Cavendish Farms
Intersection

Km 18.9 JCT Route 2 vs 6

Km 18.9 JCT Route 2 vs 6
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Km 19.9 Sortie de Kensington

Km 19.9 Sortie de Kensington
Intersection

Km 23.8 JCT Route 6 vs 233

Km 23.8 JCT Route 6 vs 233
River

Km 24.4 Rivière

Km 24.4 Rivière
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Km 26.9 Étang et Route 6

Km 26.9 Étang et Route 6
panorama

I'm 34.7 Baie

I'm 34.7 Baie
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Km 36.2 Stanley Bridge

Km 36.2 Stanley Bridge
panorama

Kim 37.3 Hope River

Kim 37.3 Hope River
Park

Km 40 Cavendish Boardwalk

Km 40 Cavendish Boardwalk
panorama

Km 43 Boardwalk

Km 43 Boardwalk
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Km 43.5 Plage Rustico

Km 43.5 Plage Rustico
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Km 43.9 Sentier de la plage

Km 43.9 Sentier de la plage
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Km 44.5 Plage North Rustico

Km 44.5 Plage North Rustico
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Km 46.1 Sable

Km 46.1 Sable
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Km 48.4 Piste bord de plage

Km 48.4 Piste bord de plage
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Km 48.8 Dune de terre rouge

Km 48.8 Dune de terre rouge
panorama

Km 50.6 Zander Doyles

Km 50.6 Zander Doyles
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52.1 Plage Arrivée North Rustico

52.1 Plage Arrivée North Rustico
panorama

Km 53.3 Museum et Anse

Km 53.3 Museum et Anse
Information

Km 53.8 Histoire

Km 53.8 Histoire
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Km 54 Pory North Rustico

Km 54 Pory North Rustico
panorama

Km 54.6 Fisherman's Wharf

Km 54.6 Fisherman's Wharf
panorama

Km 55.2 North Rustico

Km 55.2 North Rustico

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