Time  5 hours 11 minutes

Coordinates 3400

Uploaded August 7, 2016

Recorded August 2016

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157 f
-16 f
0
6.3
13
25.4 mi

Viewed 286 times, downloaded 0 times

near Campbells Cove, Illa del Príncep Eduard (Canada)

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Prince Edward Island or PEI (English: Prince Edward Island or PEI, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean a 'Phrionnsa, Mi'kmaq: Epekwitk (Francis-Smith)) is the smallest of Canada's provinces in terms of area and population. In 1864, Prince Edward Island hosted the Charlottetown Conference that led to Canadian Confederation in 1867. Nevertheless, it did not become a Canadian province until 1873. In the 2011 census, one it has a population of 140,204. At 24.7 people per square kilometer, it is the most densely populated province in Canada.

Climate
The climate of Prince Edward Island is humid continental that is, there is a big temperature difference between the cold months and the hot months. During the winter, the temperature can go down to -28 ° C.

Fauna and flora
The forest covers 50% of the area but the primary forest, consisting mainly of spruce, balsam fir and red maple, occupies only 290,000 hectares. Three centuries of colonization, along with forest diseases and fires, have almost wiped out the original forest of beech, yellow birch, maple, oak and American white pine1.
Prince Edward Island has a wide variety of wildlife including beaver, muskrat, mink, red fox, squirrel, snowshoe hare, striped skunks and coyotes. The territory is also rich in marine species.
Conservation of the environment has become an important issue. The removal of hedgerows, the use of chemical fertilizers, mechanization and agricultural overproduction in general are causing significant erosion of arable land leading to the silting up of ports and watercourses1. Some reforestation activities have been carried out1.
The North Atlantic right whale, one of the rarest whale species, was considered a rare visitor to the St. Lawrence until 1994. Since then, there has been a dramatic increase in numbers: off Perce in 1995, a progressive increase in all regions since 19984, around Cape Breton5 since 2014 and in Prince Edward Island, 35 to 40 whales were observed in 20156.


Natural Resources, Industry and Services
The island is poor in natural resources. No significant deposits of ore have yet been discovered but there are traces of coal, uranium and vanadium1. Natural gas is present in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, northeast of the Island, but is not large enough to be exploited1. Only sand and gravel are mined, but poor low quality production does not even meet provincial needs1. The forest is little exploited1.
Half of the island is very fertile land while arable land covers 90% of the area1. Until the 1950s, most farmers used horses, but the end of this practice freed up vast land previously used for fodder cultivation. From 1951 to 1996, the number of farms increased from 10,137 to 2,217 while the area under cultivation decreased by 39%. The average farm size has increased from 44 hectares to 119 hectares, while farmers' profit margins have dropped from 50% to 25% due to the increased cost of the equipment1. Governments are trying to curb the rural exodus while farms are becoming more expensive to start. Although agricultural production is declining, clearing continues. Agricultural production was valued at $ 317 million in 2000, of which $ 154 million was from potatoes1. The island has indeed a climate and a soil well adapted to this culture, and in particular for the production of seed potatoes. Three-quarters of the harvest is exported to 15 countries and the remainder is sold as is in North America or processed into frozen products such as french fries1. Tobacco, planted since 1959, is the second most important crop, despite the high cost and complexity of its production1. The province has 330 dairy farms and a herd of 16,000 cows producing 90 million liters of milk annually, 90% of which is processed into by-products, such as evaporated milk, generally for export1. 30,000 cattle are also sent to the slaughterhouse annually, although the price of meat fluctuates and production is down1. Pig farming is almost as important.
Fishing is the second primary industry on the Island. There were 6,500 fishermen and fish harvesters in 1994, working on 1,500 boats and creating 2,000 direct jobs in factories that processed fish valued at $ 139 million in 2000.1 The fishery is mostly coastal and the lobster is the most lucrative species1. Other molluscs are also caught, including scallops, oysters, clams and mussels. Oysters, whose production is concentrated in Malpeque Bay, are reputed1. Harvesting Irish moss, from which carrageenan is extracted, is an important industry west of the island1.
The manufacturing industry is mainly focused on the processing of fishery and agricultural products. This sector of the economy provided 4,800 jobs in 1997 while the value of production was valued at $ 1.1 billion in 20001. Major manufacturers include Cavendish Farms, DME International and McCain Foods. The government is trying to attract other types of industries, without any real success1. Some companies are still worthy of note include JD Irving, who operates a shipyard in Georgetown.
More and more people are working in services; governments employed 6,000 people in 19991.

Energy
Islanders are the most expensive to pay for electricity in Canada1. Summerside has a municipal distribution network while Maritime Energy distributes electricity to the rest of the island. Most of the electricity is imported from NB Power (New Brunswick) or Emera Energy Systems (Nova Scotia) via submarine cable. However, Maritime Energy has two thermal generating stations, one in Charlottetown and one in Borden-Carleton, operating at peak hours or in the event of a power outage and having an installed capacity of 104 megawatts (MW). Up to 54 MW can also be purchased from wind farms at Cape North or Eastern Kings Wind Farm.
Fuel oil is also very expensive, which encourages more and more people to heat their homes with wood. Although forests are not as exploited as in the nineteenth century, this industry creates more than 400 jobs.

Transport
Charlottetown Airport.
Main article: Transportation to Prince Edward Island.
The Confederation Bridge connects the island to the mainland. 12.9 km long, it is the longest bridge in the world to cross a stretch of frozen water in winter1. One ferry connects the island to Nova Scotia and another to the Îles de la Madeleine (Quebec).
An intercity bus service connects major cities, while Charlottetown has a public transit system, the Charlottetown Public Transit, consisting of 7 bus lines.
Charlottetown Airport offers scheduled flights to Halifax, Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Detroit and Boston. A second, smaller airport is in Summerside.
The railway was dismantled in 1989, after 114 years of existence. It has been converted into a bicycle path, the Confederation Trail, which consists of a portion of the Trans Canada Trail.

(See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince-Edouard Island)



Campbells Cove is a community in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, northeast of Souris.

(See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campbells_Cove)

St. Peters Bay is a village in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada, east of Morell.

Population
• 253 (2011 census) 1
• 248 (2006 census) 2
• 267 (2001 census) 2

(Cf. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Peter%27s_Bay_(Île-du-Prince-Édouard))
panorama

Km 0 Campbell Cove

Km 0 Campbell Cove
panorama

Km .7 Priest Pond

Km .7 Priest Pond
Intersection

Km 3.4 JCT Route 302

Km 3.4 JCT Route 302
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Km 5.3 Bayfield

Km 5.3 Bayfield
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10.6 Hermanville

10.6 Hermanville
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Km 12.7 Distillerie

Km 12.7 Distillerie
panorama

Km 14.5 Clearsprings

Km 14.5 Clearsprings
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Km 18 St. Margarets

Km 18 St. Margarets
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Km 19.6 JCT Route 307

Km 19.6 JCT Route 307
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Km 20.1 Hébergement

Km 20.1 Hébergement
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Km 20.6 Jaune sur jaune

Km 20.6 Jaune sur jaune
Information

Km 22 Naufrage Harbour

Km 22 Naufrage Harbour
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Km 22.3 Harbour Rd

Km 22.3 Harbour Rd
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Km 23.9 Harbour

Km 23.9 Harbour
panorama

Km 24.1 Café du port

Km 24.1 Café du port
panorama

Km 24.4 Phare

Km 24.4 Phare
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Km 26.9 Route 16 West

Km 26.9 Route 16 West
panorama

29.7 Goose River

29.7 Goose River
panorama

Km 34.9 Cable Head East

Km 34.9 Cable Head East
panorama

Km 36.1 JCT Route 336

Km 36.1 JCT Route 336
panorama

Km 38.4 Aéroport Cable Head

Km 38.4 Aéroport Cable Head
panorama

Km 40.3 Greenwich

Km 40.3 Greenwich
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Km 40.6 St. Peters

Km 40.6 St. Peters
panorama

Km 40.8 St. Peters Fin

Km 40.8 St. Peters Fin

Comments

    You can or this trail